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Longyan

Longyan is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Fujian province, China.

Geography
It is situated in the upper reaches of the Jiulong and Tingjiang rivers. Longyan borders on the municipalities Sanming to the north, Quanzhou to the east, Zhangzhou to the southeast, and the provinces of Jiangxi and Guangdong to the west and south respectively.

History
In 736 AD, (the Tang Dynasty), the Tingzhou prefecture was established in western Fujian, administering Changting, Huanglian and Xinluo counties. Six years later Xinluo was named Longyan for the nearby cavern, a famous scenic site.

Due to the ancient conflicts in central China and aggression from northern tribes, many Han people moved from central China to Longyan. These were the Hakka people. The city Changting is often referred to as the home of the Hakka and the Tingjiang River is known as the "mother river" of the Hakka people.

In 1734, the area was designated Longyan Prefecture by the imperial court. In 1913, it reverted to its former name Longyan County and in 1981, Longyan City was established. Minxi was a strategic base during the Chinese Civil War.

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