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Huangguoshu Waterfalls

Huangguoshu Waterfalls, Guizhou ToursTowering 74 meters tall and 81 meter wide, Huangguoshu (Yellow Fruit Tree) Waterfalls, on Baishui River in Guizhou Province, is world famous as China's largest waterfall and also the biggest waterfall in Asia. The falls are the centerpiece of a huge waterfall, cave and karst complex, covering some 450 square kilometers, which borders Zhenming and Guanling counties.

Altogether 18 falls, four subterranean rivers and 100 caves, have been discovered, many of which are now being gradually opened to the visitor. The Huangguoshu Waterfalls empty into a very deep karst canyon, where lies a series of plunge pools, including the Rhinoceros Pool, the Horseshoe Pool and several more. The water flowing at a capacity of 737 cubic meters per second comes from an area of 770 square kilometers. The thunderous roars of the falls can be heard several kilometers away.

Huangguoshu Waterfalls, Guizhou ToursDuring the rainy season (May to October), torrential water cascades down thousands of feet from the cliff tops to the canyon encircled on three sides of the mountains, dashing against rocks  with deafening sound and throwing up turbulent waves which rise and tumble like thousands of galloping horses. The misty water sprays shoot up some hundred meters, sparkling under the sunlight like myriad rainbows. The mist from the falls carries up to Huangguoshu Village. In the dry season (November to April), the falls hang over the precipitous cliffs, swinging like countless silvery chains and plunging into the magic lake as though they were silvery dragons. When the sun rises, rainbows appear, a touch of beauty is added to the majesty of the cataract.

The Huangguoshu Waterfalls are different from other large falls because of its unique karst land formation. Halfway up the waterfall is a 134-meter-deep karst cave, known as the Water Curtain Cave. A path has been cut into the cliff behind the fall, which gives the tourist a beautiful view through the cascading water. The 12-meter high water-screen vave is gifted with six cave "windows," five yards, three spings and an inner waterfall.

Huangguoshu Waterfalls, Guizhou ToursThe tourist can stroll about the cave, watching the outside waterfall through the windows. The three-tier waterfall of Dripping-Water Pool with the greatest drop of water in elevation is located seven kilometers west the Huangguoshu Waterfalls. Here two lofty and imposing peaks stand facing each other. The River Valley of Baling looks as if it were hanging on the Guansuo Mountain in the west and dives straight down from the entrance of the sky-piercing Shuangfeng Gorge, cutting across the mountain ranges from west to east, resulting in a multi-tiers waterfall with a total drop of water in elevation of more than 4,210 meters. The upper tier with mountainous waves is named "Heaven-Reaching Waterfall." The middle tier, 410 meters tall, is named "Heaven-Reaching Waterfall." while the lower tier, 130 meters tall and often visible, has the name of "Waterfall of Dripping-Water Pool."

Huangguoshu Waterfalls, Guizhou ToursOther than the Huangguoshu Waterfalls, and the Water Curtain Cave, there are several falls and caves in the area. THere are altogether 18 gound falls, 14 undergound falls and 30 karst caves in the vicinity. The Dishuitan Waterfall is distinguished for its big drop, the longest amongst all the neighboring falls; while the Doupotang Waterfall is the widest of all the falls. About 23 kilometers south of Anshun is a series of underground caverns called Longgong, or Dragon Palace, which form a huge network through 20 hills. The caverns lie around the Bouyi settlement of Longtan or Dragon Pool. A "stone forest" has been made accessible to the public at the Tianxing Bridge, not far from the Huangguoshu Waterfalls. Individual limestone blocks and pillars are distinctly elongated and paralleled to each other suggesting point control. They probably developed as a covered karst, in the subsoil through strong selective corrosion of the limestone along the joints, and have been exposed relatively recently.

At the foot of the falls is the jade-green Rhinoceros Pool surrounded by mountains on three sides. Legend has it that a rhinoceros once crawled out of this pool. As the waterfall roars into the pool, foam rises 50 to 60 meters, water mingling with mist and shimmering in the sunlight. Rainbows occur frequently at sunset in summer, appearing as colorful bridges above the clouds. The Waterfall Cave arches into the cliff side and is fancifully curtained by a sheet of water.

Huangguoshu Waterfalls, Guizhou ToursNot far from the Huangguoshu Waterfalls in Rhinoceros Cave, named from the pool, which was found on a slope near the falls in 1975 when commune members were building an underground pumping station for irrigation. Inside the cave are clusters of stalactites. These are in shades of green and deep yellow. Further on the cave becomes so low and narrow that stone "icicles" seem to graze the head of the tourist, while the passageway will admit one person at a time due to overlapping rock screens. This is known as "Devil's Pass" because it was once guarded by demons. Visitors used to be plunged into total darkness at this point, but nowadays, after harnessing the falls, the people have electricity, which also illuminates the cave.

Travel Tips
1. Take flight in Beijing, Qingdao, Kunming, Chongqing, Jinan or Guangzhou etc. to the Huangguoshu Airport in Anshun City and then transform to the waterfalls by bus.
2. Also, take bus at the Guiyang Tourist Bus Station or Guizhou Provincial Stadium Long Distance Bus Station can reach there.
3. July and August are the best time to visit the falls.
4. Tourists are suggested to take an umbrella or a raincoat. They will protect you from the water.

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